How The Dutch Got Their Bike Lanes (And How We Will Get Ours)

Written by Boston Biker on Nov 03

People think that the Dutch just sort of happened into having amazing bike infrastructure. They didn’t, it was a deliberate process leading to the highest cycling rates in the world.

New studies show that well designed cycling infrastructure does more than anything else to improve health and safety.

A major city street with parked cars and no bike lanes is just about the most dangerous place you could ride a bike. All the big threats are there: open car doors, bad parallel parkers, passing cabs and public transit. This is not a particularly novel scientific revelation, although research has found it to be true. Things get more interesting when we compare this bad-biking baseline to infrastructure actually intended to accommodate cyclists.

New research out of Canada has methodically done just this, parsing 14 route types – from that bike-ambivalent major street to sidewalks, local roads with designated bike lanes, paved multi-use paths and protected “cycle tracks” – for their likelihood of yielding serious bike injuries. As it turns out, infrastructure really matters. Your chance of injury drops by about 50 percent, relative to that major city street, when riding on a similar road with a bike lane and no parked cars. The same improvement occurs on bike paths and local streets with designated bike routes. And protected bike lanes – with actual barriers separating cyclists from traffic – really make a difference. The risk of injury drops for riders there by 90 percent.

Vehicular cycling was an idea that had its day, and is now functionally dead. The future of cycling involves high quality bicycle infrastructure, in many cases separate from automobile infrastructure. The dutch did it 40 years ago, and we can do it today.

In many ways Boston is at the same spot the Dutch were in the 70’s. We are facing similar economic, environmental, and health problems. We even share a similar climate and “old world” city layout to many cities in Northern Europe. This town could be rebuilt into a cycling paradise, combined with a state of the art public transportation system we could be ready to face the challenges the next century will bring.

And there will be challenges. Boston’s population is going to grow, and even at current numbers there is a lack of space for cars. We have to take back the space we are currently wasting on things like parking cars, and put it towards more economically useful endeavors like housing and business.

There will also be problems with the climate. Hurricane Sandy not only showed that having a bicycle is the best backup in a natural disaster, but it actually got politicians talking about climate change for the first time in this election. What happened to NYC could have easily happened to Boston.

Cycling makes us healthier, reduces pollution, and is good for business. Cycling infrastructure makes us more resilient to natural disasters, and makes the city more enjoyable to live in. Its time we start getting serious about remaking Boston’s infrastructure to create a city that works for its people, not for its cars.


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Posted in advocacy, infrastructure, video | 7 Comments »


7 Responses to “How The Dutch Got Their Bike Lanes (And How We Will Get Ours)”

  1. By Paul N on Nov 3, 2012 | Reply

    This is great information, and provides excellent insight into how Boston’s transportation policies could change. How would I be able to get involved in helping to advocate these policy changes? I feel like I believe very much in the future of cycling, but am pretty clueless when it comes to finding outlets to help lead these reforms.

  2. By Paul Schimek on Nov 3, 2012 | Reply

    “In many ways Boston is at the same spot the Dutch were in the 70′s”

    Except for a couple of things —
    * NETHERLANDS gas price is nearly $10/gal “the highest tax burden on a gallon of gas in Western Europe.”
    * The tax on car purchases is about 50%.
    * There is an annual registration fee of about $800.
    * The Boston metro area is much more sprawling and car-dependent than any Dutch urban area.

  3. By Fenway on Nov 3, 2012 | Reply

    The hurricane damage in NYC is because of the storm hitting during an astrological high tide.

    The politicians talking about ‘climate change’ immediately after the event weren’t doing make in terms of flood protection in the years, let only days, prior and are only attempting to take advantage of a situation. I’ll believe there’s an actual crisis when those declaring one act like it and stop jetting around the globe in private jets and armoured SUVs.

    After Katrina the same people were declaring ‘the new normal!!!!’ and we went seven years without a significant hurricane making landfall. Keep that in mind and the fact we had worse hurricane seasons in the 1930s and 1950s.

    That said, THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN A GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY FOR CITIBIKE! The failure of that system to launch on time cost NYC a major alternative means of transport following the hurricane and the opportunity of a lifetime to introduce many people to casual commuting on bicycles.

  4. By bikecommuter on Nov 3, 2012 | Reply

    Lovely post. I think about this type of thing when I see the plans for Forest Hills. Luckily, it appears that new elevated highway structures won’t be built (although so-called bicycle “advocate” Jeff Ferris is still trying to force one on the community) but the current plans for a six-lane road is just a recipe for squeezing as many cars as possible through the neighborhood. I’d love to see a Dutch-style plan for Forest Hills with a narrower road for cars and more focus on the cycle network so that local people who are too scared to bike right now may actually have the choice to give up their cars.

  5. By rosirat on Nov 3, 2012 | Reply

    great post – I dream of a day when it is safe for even children to ride from one end of the city to the other.

  6. By rosirat on Nov 3, 2012 | Reply

    btw – I had no idea what “vehicular cycling” was until a few months ago – and I’ve been cycling around the city for the past 12 years (and I only discovered your website after the hubway was installed). I like bike lanes. it’s the only way I can get my wife to ride with me.

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